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Tional, tangible, and overall social support and HRQOL, indicating thatJ Cardiovasc

Added: (Thu Nov 01 2018)

Pressbox (Press Release) - Tional, tangible, and overall TMPA manufacturer social support and HRQOL, indicating thatJ Cardiovasc Nurs. Our univariate findings were partially supported by our multivariate regression models. When emotional, tangible, and overall satisfaction with social support were entered into the multiple regression model, overall satisfaction with social support was a significant predictor of HRQOL at 5 years after heart transplantation, and along with other variables, explained 59 of the variance (p<.0001) (See Table 4). At 10 years after heart transplantation, emotional social support was a predictor of HRQOL and with other variables, explained 66 of the variance (p<.0001) (See Table 5).DiscussionSatisfaction with Social Support To our knowledge, this is the first report to describe social support and the relationship between social support and outcomes long-term after heart transplantation. Similar to other studies of chronic illness patients,2,3 our study revealed that patients were very satisfied with social support long term after transplant. Our findings were comparable to heart failure patients who reported moderate to high levels of perceived social support. The finding of high satisfaction with social support could be related to the fact that transplant candidates undergo a rigorous social evaluation prior to transplantation. Potential transplant candidates with few social support resources would be considered high risk for poor post transplant outcomes, and may not be considered for transplantation. Satisfaction with Social Support over Time In contrast to our findings, most of the literature in other chronic disease populations reported a decline in satisfaction with social support over time.20,24.26 Similar to a few studies, we found satisfaction with social support to be stable over time which has not been previously reported. Burg et. al.3 reported stable and improved social support in coronary heart disease patients over time. Additionally, Bennett and colleagues2 found that some heart failure patients reported high social support at study onset with large decreases by 12 months, and others who reported low support at study onset experienced large increases in social support by 12 months. Both satisfaction with tangible and emotional social support remained stable from 5 to 10 years after transplant. From a clinical perspective, this finding is important, as it alerts clinicians to monitor support and offer resourc.Tional, tangible, and overall social support and HRQOL, indicating thatJ Cardiovasc Nurs. Author manuscript; available in PMC 2014 September 01.White-Williams et al.Pagemore satisfaction with social support was associated with better HRQOL (r = -0.60, -0.50, and -0.54 respectively, p <.0001).NIH-PA Author Manuscript NIH-PA Author Manuscript NIH-PA Author ManuscriptIn addition, we identified relationships between the two types of social support (tangible and emotional) and HRQOL in recipients 5 to 10 years after heart transplantation. Univariate regression analyses revealed that overall, emotional, and tangible satisfaction with social support predicted HRQOL at 5 and 10 years after heart transplantation. Satisfaction with emotional social support was a predictor of better HRQOL at 5 and 10 years after transplant, explaining 17 of variance (p<.0001) at 5 years, and 32 of variance (p<.0001) at 10 years. Likewise, satisfaction with tangible social support predicted better HRQOL at 5 and 10 years after heart transplantation, explaining 12 of variance (p<.0001) and 25 of variance (p<.0001) at 5 and 10 years, respectively.

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